报告题目Generating, manipulating and detecting quantum states of light at the nanoscale

报告人Prof. Val Zwiller


所属单位Department of Applied Physics, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden, and Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, TU Delft, The Netherlands


We generate, manipulate and detect light at the single photon level with semiconducting and superconducting nanowires.With the aim of realizing complex quantum networks, we develop quantum devices based on nanostructures to generate quantum states of light with semiconductor quantum dots, single photon detectors based on superconducting nanowires and on-chip circuits based on waveguides to filter and route light.The generation of single photons can readily be performed with single quantum dots. We demonstrate a very high single photon purity exceeding 99.99% generated at 795 nm with GaAs quantum dots [1], these quantum emitters also allow for interfacing with atomic ensembles. To enable long distance communication, we are also developing devices based on single InAs quantum dots able to emit at telecom frequencies [2].Quantum entanglement is an important resource for quantum technologies, we will demonstrate generation of entanglement with quantum dots and discuss the limits to fidelity with the biexciton-exciton cascade [3].To allow for complex architectures, on-chip integration is desirable. We will demonstrate filtering and routing of single photons with tunable ring resonators on a chip and discuss the scalability of this approach [4].Generation and manipulation of quantum states of light would be useless without single photon detectors. We are therefore developing high-performance single photon detectors based on superconducting nanowires and will present state-of-the-art performance in terms of detection efficiency and time resolution [5].

[1] L. Schweickert et al., On-demand solid-state single-photon source with 99.99% purity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 093106 (2018).

[2] K. D. Zeuner et al., A stable wavelength-tunable triggered source of single photons and cascaded photon pairs at the telecom C-band, Appl. Phys. Lett. Accepted (2018).

[3] A. Fognini et al., Path to perfect photon entanglement with a quantum dot, arXiv:1710.10815 (2017).

[4] A. W. Elshaari et al., On-chip single photon filtering and multiplexing in hybrid quantum photonic circuits, Nat. Commun. 8, 379 (2017).

[5] I. Esmaeil Zadeh et al., Single-photon detectors combining ultra-high efficiency, detection-rates, and timing resolution, APL Photonics 2, 111301 (2017).




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